How Whitetail Deer In The Upper Peninsula Vary In Genetically Based Traits?

What 3 major characteristics differentiates the white tail deer and the mule deer?

Significantly, their face and the rump are white in color. They also have dioecious antlers and large, mule-like ears. Therefore, the main difference between whitetail and mule deer is their body size, fur colour, ears, antlers, and behaviour.

What makes a white-tailed deer unique?

White-tailed deer have good eyesight and hearing. Only male deer grow antlers, which are shed each year. White-tail deer are good swimmers and will use large streams and lakes to escape predators. White-tailed deer are the most popular large game animal in the USA.

What caused the deer population to fluctuate?

Deer populations increase through births or when new animals move into the area (immigration). Deer populations decrease through deaths or when animals leave the area or disperse (emigration). Population change = (birth + immigration) – (death + emigration).

What are the physical characteristics of white-tailed deer?

The white-tailed deer is tan or brown in the summer and grayish brown in winter. It has white on its throat, around its eyes and nose, on its stomach and on the underside of its tail. The male has antlers. Males weigh between 150 and 300 pounds and females weigh between 90 and 200 pounds.

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Is mule deer better than whitetail?

I don’t discern much difference in taste between the two and feel a good mule deer is every bit as good eating as a whitetail. The only thing I have noticed is that in the rut, mule deer bucks seem to be gamier smelling than a whitetail buck and the meat can be stronger tasting when they are rutting hard.

Which is bigger whitetail or mule deer?

While it’s hard to determine size and weight in the field, in Colorado, mule deer tend to be a bit bigger and weigh in a little heavier than white-tailed deer. The mule deer stands three to three and a half feet tall at the shoulder, with bucks weighing 125-250 pounds.

What eats a deer?

Many animals eat deer, so deer are prey. Since deer do not eat animals, they are not predators. Predators that eat deer include the coyote, bobcat, cougar, wild dogs and humans.

What is a female deer called?

The adult male deer is called a stag and may have antlers growing from its head. The female deer is called a doe and a young deer is called a fawn.

How high can a whitetail deer jump?

White-tailed deer can jump almost eight feet high, so effective upright fences against them should be this high. Deer may be able to jump high, but not both high and over a distance. So a fence may not be as high, perhaps six feet, but slanted outward.

What state has the highest deer population?

According to a 2015 deer population estimate by North American Whitetail magazine, here are the states with the largest deer populations:

  • Texas: Estimated population of 4 million.
  • Alabama: Estimated population of 1.8 million.
  • Mississippi: Estimated population of 1.8 million.
  • Missouri: Estimated population of 1.3 million.
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Are whitetail deer going extinct?

The mule, blacktail, and other deer populations fell from about 4.6 million in 2000 to about 3.6 million in 2014, recovering to about 4 million in 2017. Less than 4 million in 2020. Deer were nearly hunted to extinction by the early 1900s and were extirpated in many regions.

What is the average lifespan of white-tailed deer?

Lifespan/Longevity Most white-tailed deer live about 2 to 3 years. Maximum life span in the wild is 20 years but few live past 10 years old.

What ways do white-tailed deer cause problems for humans?

Summary: Overabundant deer can spell trouble for people, including frequent car collisions and the spread of zoonotic diseases. But deer can also disrupt wildlife communities — such as forest songbirds — by eating away their habitat.

What states do white-tailed deer live in?

White-tailed deer are found in every state in the U. S. except Alaska and in only small parts of Utah, Nevada and California. The mule deer range is primarily in western states. There are several subspecies of both deer.

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